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Food safety knowledge of food vendors of higher educational institutions in Bauchi state, Nigeria

Yakubu Madaki, Mustapha, Bavorova, Miroslava
Food control 2019 v.106 pp. 106703
educational institutions, food handling, food inspection, food safety, information sources, interviews, learning, literacy, questionnaires, regression analysis, sampling, socioeconomics, surveys, Nigeria
The aim of this study was to assess the food safety knowledge of food vendors in higher institutions of learning in Bauchi state, Nigeria, and to analyze the effect of socio-economic characteristics and use of information sources on food safety knowledge. To evaluate food safety knowledge, we used 18 questions. The purposive sampling method was applied to select six higher educational institutions and a random sampling method to select 181 food vendors to be interviewed. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect data in face-to-face interviews. The data was analyzed using Multiple Linear Regression. The regression results showed that increasing age, literacy, and increasing number of years of education, as well as consulting friends/colleagues on food safety, were statistically significant determinants of increasing the food safety knowledge of the food vendors. As both the food handling trainings and information from food inspection institutions did not statistically significantly affect the food safety knowledge, we emphasize the need for an improvement in the effectiveness of food safety information provision by the institutions that provide it.