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Enhanced production of short-chain fatty acids from waste activated sludge by addition of magnetite under suitable alkaline condition

Lu, Donghui, Xing, Bo, Liu, Yuhan, Wang, Zhirong, Xu, Xiangyang, Zhu, Liang
Bioresource technology 2019 v.289 pp. 121713
acetate kinase, acetic acids, acidification, activated sludge, carbon, chemical precipitation, enzyme activity, fermentation, hydrolysis, magnetite, microorganisms, phosphates, phosphorus, proteinases, short chain fatty acids, wastewater
Alkaline fermentation technology is an effective method for resource recovery, e.g., short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), but the acidification process needs to be further enhanced. To improve the release and acidification of organic matters in waste activated sludge (WAS) fermentation simultaneously, a novel method was proposed with magnetite addition under alkaline condition in this study. Compared with the control, SCFAs and acetic acids yields increased by 21.2% ± 3.1% and 31.0% ± 1.2% in the 0.6 g/gVSS magnetite-based system, respectively. Besides, the activities of α-glucosidase, protease and acetate kinase (AK) were enhanced with magnetite addition, and the abundance of acidogenic microbes was improved obviously. Furthermore, magnetite reduced the release of PO43−-P significantly via the precipitation reaction. Of all, a novel side-stream WAS hydrolysis and acidification process based on magnetite addition under suitable alkaline condition is proposed, realizing the efficient recovery of carbon and phosphorus resources along with wastewater and WAS treatment.