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Comparative effect of Prunus persica L. BATSCH-water extract and tacrine (9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine hydrochloride) on concentration of extracellular acetylcholine in the rat hippocampus
- Kim, Yeon-Kye, Koo, Byung-Soo, Gong, Dae-Jong, Lee, Young-Choon, Ko, Jeong-Heon, Kim, Cheorl-Ho
- Journal of ethnopharmacology 2003 v.87 no.2-3 pp. 149-154
- Prunus persica, acetylcholine, hippocampus, oral administration, rats, China, Japan, Korean Peninsula, Taiwan
- Prunus persica L. BATSCH seed-water extract (PPE) has been used in the treatment of the degenerative disorders, such as hypermenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, in Taiwan, China, Japan and Korea. In this study, the effects of oral administration of PPE on the extracellular acetylcholine concentration in the hippocampus of rats were evaluated, and compared to that of tacrine (9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine hydrochloride), a well-known and centrally acting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, which had been developed for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. We measured the inhibition of brain AChE. PPE at 2.5 g/kg and tacrine at 5 mg/kg showed significant effects for more than 6 h. At these doses, the maximum increases were observed at about 1.5 h after administration of PPE, and at about 2 h with tacrine, and were 454 and 412% of the pre-level, respectively. The results suggest that oral administration of PPE and tacrine increases acetylcholine concentration in the synaptic cleft of the hippocampus mostly through AChE inhibition, and that PPE has a potent and long-lasting effect on the central cholinergic system.