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Applicability of Taylor’s Hypothesis for Estimating the Mean Streamwise Length Scale of Large-Scale Structures in the Near-Neutral Atmospheric Surface Layer
- Han, GuoWen, Wang, GuoHua, Zheng, XiaoJing
- Boundary-layer meteorology 2019 v.172 no.2 pp. 215-237
- Earth atmosphere, Reynolds number, convection, velocity
- A field investigation of the mean streamwise length scale Lₓ of large-scale structures and the convection velocity is performed in a high-Reynolds-number (Reτ ~ 10⁶) atmospheric surface layer (ASL). Based on selected high-quality synchronous data obtained at different streamwise positions, the length scale Lₓ and global convection velocity Uc are extracted in the logarithmic region of the near-neutral ASL at heights of 0.9 m, 1.71 m, 3.5 m, and 5 m. It is found that Uc values are approximately 16% greater than the local mean streamwise velocity component U, and the value of Lₓ obtained from spatially-separated measurements is greater than the results estimated from Taylor’s hypothesis using the value of U at the four heights. The mean relative difference between the value of Lₓ and the results estimated by Taylor’s hypothesis using the value of U is approximately 15%. However, the relative difference between the value of Lₓ and the results estimated from Taylor’s hypothesis using the convection velocity Uc instead of the mean streamwise velocity component U is reduced to 1 ± 6% (≈ zero). Thus, the convection velocity Uc is more appropriate than the mean streamwise velocity component U in obtaining Lₓ values in the near-neutral ASL.