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Comparison of Antiobesity Effects Between Gochujangs Produced Using Different Koji Products and Tabasco Hot Sauce in Rats Fed a High-Fat Diet

Son, Hee-Kyoung, Shin, Hye-Won, Jang, Eun-Seok, Moon, Byoung-Seok, Lee, Choong-Hwan, Lee, Jae-Joon
Journal of medicinal food 2018 v.21 no.3 pp. 233-243
adipocytes, alcohol oxidoreductases, blood serum, body weight changes, capsaicin, cholesterol, epididymis, fatty liver, fatty-acid synthase, high fat diet, isoflavones, koji, laboratory animals, leptin, lipogenesis, liver, lysophosphatidylcholine, males, messenger RNA, obesity, rats, rice, secondary metabolites, soybeans, triacylglycerols
In this study, we compared the antiobesity effects between gochujangs prepared using different koji products and Tabasco hot sauce in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed HFD containing four different types of 10% gochujang powder or 0.25% commercial Tabasco sauce powder for 8 weeks. The body weight gain, liver and epididymal and mesenteric fat pad weights, serum leptin levels, and lipogenesis-related mRNA levels of HFD-gochujang supplementation groups were significantly decreased compared with those of the HFD group. In addition, gochujang supplement significantly reduced adipocyte size; hepatic triglyceride and total cholesterol levels; the occurrence of fatty liver deposits and steatosis by inhibiting lipogenesis through downregulation of fatty acid synthase, acetly-CoA carboxylase, and glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase. These effects were greater in the gochujang-supplemented groups than the Tabasco hot sauce-supplemented group. The gochujang prepared by nutritious giant embryo rice koji and soybean koji was most effective in terms of antiobesity effects, compared with the other tested gochujangs. In gochujangs, the antiobesity effects are mediated by high levels of secondary metabolites such as isoflavone, soyasaponin, capsaicin, and lysophosphatidylcholine. The current results indicated that the gochujang products have the potential to reduce fat accumulation and obesity.