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Stand Dynamics and Biomass Increment in a Lucidophyllous Forest over a 28-Year Period in Central Japan
- Chen, Siyu, Komiyama, Akira, Kato, Shogo, Cao, Ruoming, Yoshitake, Shinpei, Ohtsuka, Toshiyuki
- Forests 2017 v.8 no.10
- Castanopsis cuspidata, Cleyera japonica, Eurya japonica, biomass, canopy, forests, monitoring, net primary productivity, secondary succession, stand development, stems, trees, wood, Japan
- Secondary lucidophyllous forest is one of the dominant forests in human-dominated subtropical/warm-temperate regions in East Asia. There were few direct monitoring techniques to elucidate the following hypotheses: (a) self-thinning may govern the stand development process and (b) wood production decline can be observed during secondary succession in a lucidophyllous forest. We conducted a long-term study at a permanent plot in central Japan, since 1989. The forest consists mainly of Castanopsis cuspidata in a canopy layer, Cleyera japonica, and Eurya japonica in a subtree layer. During the 28-year period, the basal area of the stand significantly increased due to the growth of C. cuspidata, from 29.18 ± 1.84 (87.8% of total) to 38.71 ± 2.22 m2 ha−1 (91.9%), while the stem density of C. cuspidata significantly decreased from 666 ± 13 to 404 ± 10 stems ha−1 in proportion to accumulating biomass (117.8 to 166.6 ton ha−1). The annual woody net primary production ranged from 2.40 ± 0.13 to 3.93 ± 0.33 ton ha−1 year−1 as a nearly 70-year-old forest. There was no age-related decline of woody net primary production (NPP) was found during secondary succession, and the growth of individual tree still increased when the self-thinning process governed the stand.