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Genetic Variation, Heritability and Genotype × Environment Interactions of Resin Yield, Growth Traits and Morphologic Traits for <em>Pinus elliottii</em> at Three Progeny Trials

Lai, Meng, Dong, Leiming, Yi, Min, Sun, Shiwu, Zhang, Yingying, Fu, Li, Xu, Zhenghua, Lei, Lei, Leng, Chunhui, Zhang, Lu
Forests 2017 v.8 no.11
Pinus elliottii, genetic correlation, genetic variation, genotype-environment interaction, growth traits, heritability, progeny, surface area, tree breeding, trees, China
To better understand the genetic control of resin yield, growth traits and morphologic traits for Pinus elliottii families, genetic relationships among these traits were examined in three 27-year-old progeny trials located in Jingdezhen, Jian and Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China. In total, 3695 trees from 112 families were assessed at the three sites. Significant site, family and family × site effects were found for resin yield, growth traits and morphologic traits. Resin yield and growth traits were found to be under moderate genetic control for the three sites combined, with family heritability and individual narrow-sense heritability ranging from 0.41 to 0.55 and 0.11 to 0.27, respectively. The coefficient of genotypic variation (CV<inf>G</inf>) of stem volume (SV) and crown surface area (CSA) were higher than those of other traits at each site. Genetic correlation estimates indicated that selection for growth traits might lead to a large increment in resin yield (RY), and most morphologic traits had moderate to strong correlations with growth traits at each individual site. One possible strategy in tree breeding would be to maximize resin production through selection for growth traits.