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Elevated CO<sub>2</sub> and O<sub>3</sub> Levels Influence the Uptake and Leaf Concentration of Mineral N, P, K in <em>Phyllostachys edulis</em> (Carrière) J.Houz. and <em>Oligostachyum lubricum</em> (wen) King f.

Zhuang, Minghao, Li, Yingchun, Guo, Ziwu, Li, Yueqiao, Pan, Wenting, Chen, Shuanglin
Forests 2018 v.9 no.4
Phyllostachys edulis, bamboos, biogeochemical cycles, biomass, gases, global change, leaves, nitrogen, nutrient management, nutrient uptake, nutrients, phosphorus, plant growth, potassium
Rising CO<inf>2</inf> and O<inf>3</inf> concentrations significantly affect plant growth and can alter nutrient cycles. However, the effects of elevated CO<inf>2</inf> and O<inf>3</inf> concentrations on the nutrient dynamics of bamboo species are not well understood. In this study, using open top chambers (OTCs), we examined the effects of elevated CO<inf>2</inf> and O<inf>3</inf> concentrations on leaf biomass and nutrient (N, P, and K) dynamics in two bamboo species, Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J.Houz. and Oligostachyum lubricum (wen) King f. Elevated O<inf>3</inf> significantly decreased leaf biomass and nutrient uptake of both bamboo species, with the exception of no observed change in K uptake by O. lubricum. Elevated CO<inf>2</inf> increased leaf biomass, N and K uptake of both bamboo species. Elevated CO<inf>2</inf> and O<inf>3</inf> simultaneously had no significant influence on leaf biomass of either species but decreased P and N uptake in P. edulis and O. lubricum, respectively, and increased K uptake in O. lubricum. The results indicate that elevated CO<inf>2</inf> alleviated the damage caused by elevated O<inf>3</inf> in the two bamboo species by altering the uptake of certain nutrients, which further highlights the potential interactive effects between the two gases on nutrient uptake. In addition, we found differential responses of nutrient dynamics in the two bamboo species to the two elevated gases, alone or in combination. These findings will facilitate the development of effective nutrient management strategies for sustainable management of P. edulis and O. lubricum under global change scenarios.