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Ethanol production by simultaneous saccharification and cofermentation of pretreated corn stalk
- Zhao, Wenxuan, Zhao, Fuguang, Zhang, Sitong, Gong, Qinglong, Chen, Guang
- Journal of basic microbiology 2019 v.59 no.7 pp. 744-753
- Saccharomyces cerevisiae, beta-glucosidase, biofuels, biomass, cellulose, corn stover, culture media, ethanol, ethanol production, fermentation, glucose, hemicellulose, hydrogen peroxide, hydrolysis, lignocellulose, liquids, magnesium sulfate, nitrogen, saccharification, sodium carbonate, temperature, xylanases, xylose, yeasts
- The recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass is a major factor limiting its conversion into biofuels. Therefore, in this study, we pretreated corn stalk with 2% Na₂CO₃ and 2% H₂O₂ for time 70 min at 130°C using a corn stalk to liquid ratio of 1:10. The fermentation broth from multicopy Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains engineered for lignocellulase synthesis was used to enzymatically hydrolyze the pretreated corn stalk. The highest monosaccharide yield (102 mmol/L) was obtained using 15 IU endocellulase, 10 IU exocellulase, and 15 IU β‐glucosidase per gram of cellulose and 20 IU xylanase per gram of hemicellulose. Subsequently, the high‐efficiency ethanol‐producing S. cerevisiae strain WXY12, which can produce ethanol from glucose and xylose simultaneously, was added to the fermentation system. The entire process involved ethanol production through simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). Optimization of the fermentation conditions (yeast powder as a nitrogen source, temperature of 30°C, MgSO₄ as a metal ion inducer, rotation speed of 180 rpm, solid–liquid ratio of 1:8, and inoculation amount of 2%) resulted in an ethanol output of 46.87 g/L and a theoretical conversion rate of 27.4%. The results of this study improved corn stalk utilization, reduced hydrolysis costs, and generated high ethanol yields.