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Chemoenzymatic Synthesis and Radical Scavenging of Sulfated Hydroxytyrosol, Tyrosol, and Acetylated Derivatives

Begines, Paloma, Biedermann, David, Valentová, Kateřina, Petrásková, Lucie, Pelantová, Helena, Maya, Inés, Fernández-Bolaños, José G., Křen, Vladimír
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2019 v.67 no.26 pp. 7281-7288
2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, Desulfitobacterium hafniense, bioactive compounds, bioactive properties, human nutrition, liquid chromatography, liver microsomes, mass spectrometry, metabolic studies, metabolites, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, olive oil, rats, transferases
Potential metabolites of bioactive compounds are important for their biological activities and as authentic standards for metabolic studies. The phenolic compounds contained in olive oil are an important part of the human diet, and therefore their potential metabolites are of utmost interest. We developed a convenient, scalable, one-pot chemoenzymatic method using the arylsulfotransferase from Desulfitobacterium hafniense for the sulfation of the natural olive oil phenols tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, and of their monoacetylated derivatives. Respective monosulfated (tentative) metabolites were fully structurally characterized using LC–MS, NMR, and HRMS. In addition, Folin–Ciocalteu reduction, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging, and antilipoperoxidant activity in rat liver microsomes damaged by tert-butylhydroperoxide were measured and compared to the parent compounds. As expected, the sulfation diminished the radical scavenging properties of the prepared compounds. These compounds will serve as authentic standards of phase II metabolites.