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Correlation Analysis of Intestinal Redox State with the Gut Microbiota Reveals the Positive Intervention of Tea Polyphenols on Hyperlipidemia in High Fat Diet Fed Mice

Ma, Hui, Zhang, Bowei, Hu, Yaozhong, Wang, Jin, Liu, Jingmin, Qin, Renbing, Lv, Shiwen, Wang, Shuo
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2019 v.67 no.26 pp. 7325-7335
Bacteroides, Lachnospiraceae, biomarkers, dysbiosis, genes, high fat diet, homeostasis, hyperlipidemia, intestinal microorganisms, intestines, lipid metabolism, mice, overdose, polyphenols, tea
Tea polyphenols (TP) possess the ability to regulate dyslipidemia and gut microbiota dysbiosis. However, the underlying mechanism is still elusive. The present study explored the intervention of TP on high fat diet induced metabolic disorders, gut microbiota dysbiosis in mice, and the underlying intestinal mechanism. As a result, TP significantly ameliorated hyperlipidemia, improved the expression levels of hepatic lipid metabolism genes, and modulated gut microbiota. The underlying mechanism was supposed to rely on the maintaining of intestinal redox state by TP. Intestinal redox related indicators were significantly correlated with the distribution of gut microbiota. An unidentified genus of Lachnospiraceae, Bacteroides, Alistipes, and Faecalibaculum were identified as the biomarkers for intestinal redox state. Importantly, different dosages of TP modulated intestinal redox state and gut microbiota in varied patterns, and an overdose intake attenuated the beneficial effects on gut health. Our findings offered novel insights into the mechanism of TP on intestinal homeostasis.