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Evaluating spatial structure of a mixed broad-leaved/Korean pine forest based on neighborhood relationships in Mudanfeng National Nature Reserve, China

Yang, Miao, Cai, Tijiu, Ju, Cunyong, Zou, Hongfei
Journal of forestry research 2019 v.30 no.4 pp. 1375-1381
Acer, Pinus koraiensis, Tilia, coniferous forests, conservation areas, dominant species, geographical distribution, harvesting, logging, plantations, population structure, secondary forests, species diversity, stand structure, timber production, China
China’s 13th 5-year forestry plan explicitly requires the end of commercial harvesting and the improved management of natural forests by means of adjusting and optimizing forest structure and developing high-quality forest production. This requires the quantification of stand structure and species diversity. In this study, species distribution, association and size differentiation in a mixed broad-leaved/Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis Siebold & Zucc.) forest in Mudanfeng National Nature Reserve were analyzed using three spatial structure indices: uniform angle index, complete mingling index, and size differentiation index. The results show that the species were randomly distributed, with a moderate size differentiation and high mixed structure. Three dominant species exhibited different patterns in terms of the three indices and their bivariate distribution. Overall, Korean pine showed an opposite trend to Manchurian maple (Acer mandshuricum Maxim.), whereas the distribution pattern of Manchurian linden (Tilia mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim.) was similar to that of the entire stand. Our work contributes to further the knowledge of population structure in order to optimize the structure of secondary forests and plantations.