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Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis-based subtyping of DNA degradation-sensitive Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Livingstone and serovar Cerro isolates obtained from a chicken layer farm

Author:
Murase, Toshiyuki, Nagato, Masashi, Shirota, Kazutoshi, Katoh, Hiromitsu, Otsuki, Koichi
Source:
Veterinary microbiology 2004 no.99 pp. 139-143
ISSN:
0378-1135
Subject:
DNA, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica, chickens, farms, gels, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, serotypes, thiourea
Abstract:
Salmonella enterica serovar subsp. enterica Livingstone and serovar Cerro isolates from a commercial egg-producing farm, which had previously been untypeable by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) because of DNA degradation during the PFGE process, successfully gave banding patterns using electrophoresis buffer supplemented with 50 μM thiourea. By PFGE in the presence of thiourea, DNA degradation-sensitive S. enterica serovar Cerro isolates from the commercial egg-producing farm were found to be genetically unrelated to S. enterica serovar Cerro isolates that gave the patterns in the absence of thiourea. Forty-five of 50 (90%) S. enterica serovar Livingstone isolates from the farm showed arbitrarily designated XbaI-digested patterns X1 and X2 that were distinguished by one-band difference and had an identical BlnI-digested pattern. In one of the two layer houses in the farm, the numbers of isolates having the pattern X2 increased from 57% in 1997 to 89% in 1998, whereas virtually all the isolates obtained from the other house in the same period showed the profile X1. This suggests that strains having the pattern X2 might have an advantage to preferentially colonize in the former house.
Agid:
649318