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Investigations on the Grape Leafhopper <i>Erasmoneura vulnerata</i> in North-Eastern Italy

Duso, Carlo, Moret, Renzo, Manera, Alessandro, Berto, Dario, Fornasiero, Diego, Marchegiani, Gaia, Pozzebon, Alberto
Insects 2019 v.10 no.2
Cicadellidae, Vitis labrusca, Vitis vinifera, adults, cultivars, grapes, instars, intermediate hosts, nymphs, overwintering, phenology, vines, vineyards, Central America, Italy, Slovenia
The leafhopper Erasmoneura vulnerata (Fitch) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) is native of Northern and Central America where it occurs on wild and cultivated grapes as well as on a number of secondary hosts. This species was recorded for the first time in Europe (Italy, Veneto region) in 2004. Since then it has spread over Northern Italy and Slovenia. Studies on the biology of E. vulnerata in America are limited and thus its phenology was investigated on Vitis labrusca L. and Vitis vinifera L. plants under field and semi-field conditions. These observations suggest that E. vulnerata can complete 2&ndash;3 generations per year. The development of E. vulnerata from first instar nymphs to adults was studied under controlled conditions (about 23 &deg;C). Developmental times lasted from 16.1 days in July&ndash;August to 19.5 days in September, and this variability was probably due to grape cultivar and plant susceptibility. Data were consistent with the number of generations previously reported. Erasmoneura vulnerata was more abundant on vines close to overwintering sites than on those located 100&ndash;250 m from these sites and contiguous to commercial vineyards.