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Studies on the Haematology and Trace Element Status of Adult Bactrian Camels (Camelus bactrianus) in China

Zongping, Liu
Veterinary research communications 2003 v.27 no.5 pp. 397-405
Bactrian camels, adults, blood, cattle, cerebellum, cerebrum, cobalt, copper, cortex, dromedaries, heart, hematology, iron, kidneys, liver, manganese, molybdenum, normal values, pancreas, selenium, serum albumin, sheep, spleen, thyroxine, yaks, zinc, China
Reference values were established for some haematological and serum biochemical constituents in Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus) in China. The contents of seven trace elements in the blood, hair, liver, kidney, heart, spleen, lung, cerebrum, cerebellum, rib, ovary, pancreas and gluteal muscle of Bactrian camels were also measured. Some of these values are reported for the first time for Bactrian camels in China. Most haematological and serum biochemical values were similar to those of cattle, yaks, sheep and dromedary camels, but the mean serum albumin concentration and the albumim/globulin ratio were significantly higher than those in other ruminants and the mean thyroxine concentration was half that in dromedary camels. The liver contained the highest concentrations of copper, zinc, manganese and iron, and the renal cortex contained the highest concentration of selenium. The concentrations of selenium, cobalt, zinc, manganese and molybdenum in the tissues were within the reference ranges for other ruminants, but the mean iron and copper concentrations in the liver were significantly higher than those in other ruminants.