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Assessing the Pathogenicity of Two Bacteria Isolated from the Entomopathogenic Nematode <i>Heterorhabditis indica</i> against <i>Galleria mellonella</i> and Some Pest Insects

Salgado-Morales, Rosalba, Martínez-Ocampo, Fernando, Obregón-Barboza, Verónica, Vilchis-Martínez, Kathia, Jiménez-Pérez, Alfredo, Dantán-González, Edgar
Insects 2019 v.10 no.3
Diatraea, Galleria mellonella, Heliothis subflexa, Heterorhabditis indica, Photorhabdus luminescens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Tenebrio molitor, bacteria, data collection, entomopathogenic nematodes, genes, insect pests, insecticidal properties, internal transcribed spacers, larvae, lethal concentration 50, mutualism, parasites, pathogenicity, phylogeny, ribosomal DNA, ribosomal RNA, sugarcane soils, Mexico
The entomopathogenic nematodes Heterorhabditis are parasites of insects and are associated with mutualist symbiosis enterobacteria of the genus Photorhabdus; these bacteria are lethal to their host insects. Heterorhabditis indica MOR03 was isolated from sugarcane soil in Morelos state, Mexico. The molecular identification of the nematode was confirmed using sequences of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region and the D2/D3 expansion segment of the 28S rRNA gene. In addition, two bacteria HIM3 and NA04 strains were isolated from the entomopathogenic nematode. The genomes of both bacteria were sequenced and assembled de novo. Phylogenetic analysis was confirmed by concatenated gene sequence datasets as Photorhabdus luminescens HIM3 (16S rRNA, 23S rRNA, dnaN, gyrA, and gyrB genes) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa NA04 (16S rRNA, 23S rRNA and gyrB genes). H. indica MOR03 infects Galleria mellonella, Tenebrio molitor, Heliothis subflexa, and Diatraea magnifactella larvae with LC50 values of 1.4, 23.5, 13.7, and 21.7 IJs/cm2, respectively, at 48 h. These bacteria are pathogenic to various insects and have high injectable insecticide activity at 24 h.