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Enhanced cutaneous wound healing by functional injectable thermo-sensitive chitosan-based hydrogel encapsulated human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells

Xu, Hongjie, Huang, Shanghui, Wang, Jingjing, Lan, Yong, Feng, Longbao, Zhu, Meishu, Xiao, Yang, Cheng, Biao, Xue, Wei, Guo, Rui
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.137 pp. 433-441
adhesion, biocompatible materials, cellulose, chitosan, collagen, encapsulation, glycerol, growth factors, hair follicles, histology, human cell lines, hydrogels, interleukin-1beta, keratinocytes, mechanical properties, nanocrystals, phosphates, secretion, sodium, stem cells, thermosensitivity, tissue repair, toxicity, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, umbilical cord
Human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) can secrete a variety of cytokines and growth factors promoting wound repair. Hydrogel is suitable biomaterial to supply niche for cells adhesion and survival. This study constructed a functional injectable thermo-sensitive hydrogel (chitosan/glycerol phosphate sodium/cellulose nanocrystals, CS/GP/CNC) encapsulated hUCMSCs to repair full-thickness cutaneous wound. Addition of CNC to the CS/GP system not only accelerated the gel speed, but also greatly improved the mechanical properties of the gel and decreased degradation rate. The novel hydrogel was injectable and low toxicity. Histological detection showed that hydrogel-hUCMSCs combination significantly accelerated wound closure, microcirculation, tissue remodeling, re-epithelialization and hair follicle regeneration, and inhibited over-inflammation in the central and surrounding wounds. The hydrogel-hUCMSCs combination promoted collagen deposition and keratinocyte mature marker K1 expression, decreased inflammatory factors secretion namely TNF-α and IL-1β. The present data provides a potential strategy for treatment of non-healing chronic cutaneous wounds.