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Encapsulation of cinnamon oil in cyclodextrin nanosponges and their potential use for antimicrobial food packaging
- Simionato, Ilaria, Domingues, Fernanda C., Nerín, Cristina, Silva, Filomena
- Food and chemical toxicology 2019 v.132 pp. 110647
- active food packaging, antibacterial properties, bacteria, cinnamon, cinnamon oil, culture media, cyclodextrins, encapsulation, food pathogens, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, headspace analysis, solid phase microextraction
- The main goal of this work is the encapsulation of cinnamon essential oil in cyclodextrin nanosponges and the assessment of their antimicrobial activity against foodborne pathogens. After nanosponge synthesis, a headspace-solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) method was validated to quantify essential oil major compounds. Results showed that essential oil was successfully encapsulated in cyclodextrin nanosponges with α-NS and β-NS being able to encapsulate higher essential oil amounts. Cinnamon essential oil, alone and encapsulated in nanosponges, proved to have antimicrobial activity against foodborne bacteria. Time-kill assays proved that the essential oil, alone or encapsulated, had a bacteriostatic effect against all bacteria tested, with the exception of Y. enterocolitica where a bactericidal action was observed. Furthermore, the controlled release achieved by its encapsulation, allowed cinnamon essential oil to be effective at a much lower concentration in culture medium than when solely dissolved in culture medium. Thus, the results described herein encourage the use of cyclodextrin nanosponges as encapsulating agents for active food packaging applications.