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Melatonin protects against Fenoxaprop-ethyl exposure-induced meiotic defects in mouse oocytes

He, Ya-Ting, Wang, Wei, Shen, Wei, Sun, Qing-Yuan, Yin, Shen
Toxicology 2019 v.425 pp. 152241
actin, apoptosis, binding capacity, coculture, cytoskeleton, extrusion, fluorescent antibody technique, herbicides, histones, meiosis, melatonin, methylation, mice, models, oocytes, oxidative stress, phenotype, pineal body, protective effect, spermatozoa, tubulin
Prolonged exposure of Fenoxaprop-ethyl (FE), a post-emergence herbicide, can cause serious damage to animals through food chain. Melatonin is synthesized by the pineal gland in mammals and believed to protect cells from oxidative stress damage. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of FE on mouse oocyte meiosis maturation and the protective roles of melatonin on FE-exposed oocytes by in vitro maturation model. FE exposure significantly caused defects of the first polar body extrusion, which could be protected by co-culture with melatonin. Furthermore, we examined the meiotic maturation details by performing the sperm binding, actin and tubulin immunofluorescence, ROS and apoptosis detection, and histone methylation assay. Our data showed that FE exposure to oocytes led to disrupted actin filament dynamics, mis-organized spindle, and reduced the sperm binding capacity. In addition, FE-exposure increased oxidative stress level and induced oocyte apoptosis. We also found that FE exposure resulted in histone methylation changes. Treatment with melatonin could significantly improve these phenotypes in oocytes exposed to FE. In conclusion, FE exposure can cause meiotic defects by disrupting the cytoskeletal integrality and inducing excessive ROS accumulation to initiate apoptosis in oocytes, while melatonin can reduce all these damages, suggesting that melatonin has protective effects on oocytes exposed to FE during meiotic maturation.