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Photoreduction of chromium(VI) in microstructured ceramic hollow fibers impregnated with titanium dioxide and coated with green algae Chlorella vulgaris

Costa, Igor G.F., Terra, Natália M., Cardoso, Vicelma L., Batista, Fabiana R.X., Reis, Miria H.M.
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.379 pp. 120837
Chlorella vulgaris, algae, aluminum oxide, aqueous solutions, ceramics, chromium, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, photocatalysis, titanium dioxide
Here we propose an innovative photocatalytic hybrid system for the reduction of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from aqueous solutions. The hybrid system was composed of titanium dioxide (TiO2) immobilized in the micro-voids of asymmetric alumina hollow fibers and of the green algae Chlorella vulgaris coated on the outer sponge-like layer of the fiber. The photoreduction of Cr(VI) was systematically studied in different systems: single systems with TiO2 or algae; the synergistic system of algae combined with TiO2; and the proposed hybrid system composed of TiO2 and algae supported in ceramic hollow fibers. Morphological and energy dispersive spectroscopy analyses showed that TiO2 and the algae were properly supported in the substrate (alumina hollow fibers). For an initial Cr(VI) concentration of 10 mg L−1 and dosages of 1 g L−1 of TiO2 and algae, the hybrid system resulted in total Cr(VI) reduction after 16 h of process. Additionally, the efficiency of the hybrid system for Cr(VI) reduction was reduced in only 9% after 5 cycles of reuse and in 42% after 10 cycles of reuse. Thus, micro-structured ceramic hollow fibers impregnated with TiO2 and decorated with the green algae C. vulgaris was efficient for Cr(VI) reductions.