U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government


Main content area

AMOT130/YAP pathway in topography-induced BMSC osteoblastic differentiation

Liu, Xuan, Hou, Wenqing, He, Lei, Han, Fangping, Lu, Mengjie, Lu, Xiaobo, Duan, Ke, Guo, Tailin, Weng, Jie
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.182 pp. 110332
actin, biocompatible materials, bone marrow, cell differentiation, gene expression, nanotubes, osteoblasts, physiological transport, rats, stems, titanium, titanium dioxide, translation (genetics)
Micro/nano-topography (MNT) is an important variable affecting osseointegration of bone biomaterials, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We probed the role of a AMOT130/YAP pathway in osteoblastic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stems cultured on titanium (Ti) carrying MNTs. Ti surfaces with two well-defined MNTs (TiO2 nanotubes of different diameters and wall thicknesses) were prepared by anodization. Rat BMSCs were cultured on flat Ti and Ti surfaces carrying MNTs, and cell behaviors (i.e., morphology, F-actin development, osteoblastic differentiation, YAP localization) were studied. Ti surfaces carrying MNTs increased F-actin formation, osteoblastic gene expression, and protein AMOT130 production in BMSCs (all vs. flat Ti), and the surface carrying larger nantubes was more effective, confirming osteoblastic differentiation induced by MNTs. Elevation of the AMOT130 level (by inhibiting its degradation) increased the osteoblastic gene expression, F-actin formation, and nuclear localization of YAP. These show that, AMOT130/YAP is an important pathway mediating the translation of MNT signals to BMSC osteoblastic commitment, likely via the cascade: AMOT130 promotion of F-actin formation, increased YAP nuclear import, and activation of osteoblastic gene expression.