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The impacts of particle size on starch structural characteristics and oil-binding ability of rice flour subjected to dry heating treatment

Zhou, Wanxia, Song, Jingjing, Zhang, Bin, Zhao, Lei, Hu, Zhuoyan, Wang, Kai
Carbohydrate polymers 2019 v.223 pp. 115053
carbohydrate structure, contact angle, crystal structure, enthalpy, functional foods, gelatinization temperature, heat, heat treatment, human nutrition, hydrophobicity, particle size, rice flour, rice protein, starch
As a main starch source in human diet, milled rice flour has been widely used in various foods, and its particle size may impact the quality of final products. This study investigated the effects of particle size on starch structure and oil-binding ability of rice flour subjected to dry heating treatment. The results showed that fine fraction of rice flour had lower starch content. All samples showed A-type crystalline structure of starch, and this crystalline type was not changed by dry heating treatment, although the crystallinity was reduced. Rice flour with smaller size exhibited lower starch gelatinization temperatures and enthalpy change, and displayed higher hydrophobicity and oil-binding ability. The hydrophobicity of rice flour was improved by dry heating as observed from the increased three-phase contact angle, attributing to elevated surface hydrophobicity of rice protein. These results will provide guidance for developing functional ingredients with improved oil-binding ability for non-gluten foods.