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Onion skin extract as a protective agent against oxidative stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae induced by cadmium

Piechowiak, Tomasz, Balawejder, Maciej
Journal of food biochemistry 2019 v.43 no.7 pp. e12872
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, antioxidant activity, antioxidant enzymes, bioactive compounds, cadmium, dietary supplements, functional foods, glutathione, lipid peroxidation, models, onions, oxidative stress, protective effect, reactive oxygen species, sustainable development, wastes, yeasts
Onion skin extract is a source of bioactive compounds demonstrating a high antioxidant activity. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of onion skin extract at the level of oxidative stress markers in Saccharomyces cerevisiae exposed to cadmium. The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidant enzymes activity, total content of glutathione, and the level of lipid peroxidation in yeast cells were determined. Research showed that onion skin extract protected the yeast cells from the occurrence of oxidative stress induced by cadmium. Cells treated with onion skin extract and cadmium were characterized by lower generation of ROS, antioxidant enzymes activity, lipid peroxidation, and higher level of glutathione content than cells treated with cadmium only. However, the protective effect was dependent on the onion skin extract concentration in yeast medium. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The presented studies are of comprehensive character regarding antioxidant properties of the onion skin extract, using Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism. The research results give the opportunity to conduct further research on the use of onion skin extract in functional food or dietary supplements production, as a cellular protector against negative consequence of oxidative stress. It should also be mentioned that the major research material was onion skin which is a troublesome waste material for onion producers. Consequently, the study result will, to a certain extent provide an opportunity to increase interest in the problem of rational use of the waste material, according to a sustainable development idea.