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A conjugated alkyne functional bicyclic polybenzoxazine with superior heat resistance

Li, Pengcheng, Dai, Jie, Xu, Yi, Ran, Qichao, Gu, Yi
Journal of polymer science 2019 v.57 no.14 pp. 1587-1592
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, alkynes, crosslinking, cycloaddition reactions, differential scanning calorimetry, glass transition temperature, heat, moieties, nitrogen, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, polymers, resins, thermal properties, thermogravimetry
A difunctional benzoxazine (coPh‐apa) with a conjugated alkyne group is synthesized by the oxidative coupling reaction from a monocycle‐benzoxazine (Ph‐apa) containing an alkyne group. A model compound, 1,4‐diphenylbutadiyne (coPa), is used to study the curing reaction process of coPh‐apa by DSC, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and ¹³C NMR, and the results suggest that the conjugated alkyne groups are involved in the crosslinking reaction via the trimerization reaction of the conjugated alkynyl groups and the Diels–Alder reaction. Furthermore, thermal properties of the polybenzoxazine are studied by dynamic thermomechanical analysis and thermogravimetric analysis. A glass‐transition temperature (Tgs) of as high as 412 °C and a char yield of 75.6% at 800 °C under nitrogen are obtained with the aid of the conjugated alkyne groups. Its excellent heat resistance dominates most thermosetting resins and will serve for heat shields. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2019, 57, 1587–1592