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Using NMR-Based Metabolomics to Evaluate Postprandial Urinary Responses Following Consumption of Minimally Processed Wheat Bran or Wheat Aleurone by Men and Women

Garg, Ramandeep, Brennan, Lorraine, Price, Ruth K., Wallace, Julie M. W., Strain, J. J., Gibney, Mike J., Shewry, Peter R., Ward, Jane L., Garg, Lalit, Welch, Robert W.
Nutrients 2016 v.8 no.2
Triticum, alanine, betaine, citrates, cross-over studies, diet, energy metabolism, females, humans, lactic acid, males, men, metabolites, metabolomics, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, urine, wheat, wheat bran, whole grain foods, women
Wheat bran, and especially wheat aleurone fraction, are concentrated sources of a wide range of components which may contribute to the health benefits associated with higher consumption of whole-grain foods. This study used NMR metabolomics to evaluate urine samples from baseline at one and two hours postprandially, following the consumption of minimally processed bran, aleurone or control by 14 participants (7 Females; 7 Males) in a randomized crossover trial. The methodology discriminated between the urinary responses of control, and bran and aleurone, but not between the two fractions. Compared to control, consumption of aleurone or bran led to significantly and substantially higher urinary concentrations of lactate, alanine, N-acetylaspartate acid and N-acetylaspartylglutamate and significantly and substantially lower urinary betaine concentrations at one and two hours postprandially. There were sex related differences in urinary metabolite profiles with generally higher hippurate and citrate and lower betaine in females compared to males. Overall, this postprandial study suggests that acute consumption of bran or aleurone is associated with a number of physiological effects that may impact on energy metabolism and which are consistent with longer term human and animal metabolomic studies that used whole-grain wheat diets or wheat fractions.