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Anti‐Endometriotic Effects of Pueraria Flower Extract in Human Endometriotic Cells and Mice
- Kim, Ji‐Hyun, Woo, Jeong‐Hwa, Kim, Hye Mi, Oh, Myung Sook, Jang, Dae Sik, Choi, Jung‐Hye
- Nutrients 2017 v.9 no.3
- Pueraria, adhesion, animal models, cell adhesion, cell movement, female genital diseases, flower extracts, flowers, gelatinase A, humans, inflammation, ingredients, messenger RNA, mice, mitogen-activated protein kinase, tea, vegetables
- Pueraria flowers have been used as a vegetable and an ingredient for tea and jelly. In this study, we investigated the effects of Pueraria flower extract (PFE) on endometriosis, a common gynaecological disease characterised by local sterile inflammation of peritoneal cavity. PFE suppressed the adhesion of human endometriotic cells 11Z and 12Z to human mesothelial Met5A cells. In addition, PFE significantly inhibited the migration of 11Z and 12Z cells as shown by woundhealing and transwell migration assays. PFE reduced the protein and mRNA levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)‐2 and MMP‐9 in endometriotic cells. Moreover, extracellular signalregulated kinase (ERK)1/2 was activated by PFE treatment, and an ERK1/2 inhibitor, PD98059, significantly inhibited PFE‐inhibited cell migration in endometriotic cells. Furthermore, PFE significantly suppressed endometriotic lesion formation in a mouse model. These data suggest that Pueraria flower is a potential anti‐endometriotic agent for the inhibition of endometriotic cell adhesion, migration, and MMP expression.