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Resveratrol Inhibits Porcine Intestinal Glucose and Alanine Transport: Potential Roles of Na<sup>+</sup>/K<sup>+</sup>-ATPase Activity, Protein Kinase A, AMP-Activated Protein Kinase and the Association of Selected Nutrient Transport Proteins with Detergent Resistant Membranes

Klinger, Stefanie, Breves, Gerhard
Nutrients 2018 v.10 no.3
AMP-activated protein kinase, alanine, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, cyclic AMP, detergents, enzyme activity, glucose, ileum, jejunum, liver, nutrient transport, peptide transporters, phosphorylation, physiological response, protein synthesis, resveratrol, sodium, sodium-hydrogen antiporter, swine
Background: Beneficial effects of Resveratrol (RSV) have been demonstrated, including effects on transporters and channels. However, little is known about how RSV influences intestinal transport. The aim of this study was to further characterize the effects of RSV on intestinal transport and the respective mechanisms. Methods: Porcine jejunum and ileum were incubated with RSV (300 µM, 30 min) in Ussing chambers (functional studies) and tissue bathes (detection of protein expression, phosphorylation, association with detergent resistant membranes (DRMs)). Results: RSV reduced alanine and glucose-induced short circuit currents (ΔI<inf>sc</inf>) and influenced forskolin-induced ΔI<inf>sc</inf>. The phosphorylation of sodium–glucose-linked transporter 1 (SGLT1), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), protein kinase A substrates (PKA-S) and liver kinase B1 (LKB1) increased but a causative relation to the inhibitory effects could not directly be established. The DRM association of SGLT1, peptide transporter 1 (PEPT1) and (phosphorylated) Na+/H+-exchanger 3 (NHE3) did not change. Conclusion: RSV influences the intestinal transport of glucose, alanine and chloride and is likely to affect other transport processes. As the effects of protein kinase activation vary between the intestinal localizations, it would appear that increasing cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels are part of the mechanism. Nonetheless, the physiological responses depend on cell type-specific structures.