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Selenium Accumulation, Antioxidant Enzyme Levels, and Amino Acids Composition in Chinese Mitten Crab (<em>Eriocheir sinensis</em>) Fed Selenium-Biofortified Corn

Yuan, Linxi, Zhang, Ru, Ma, Xuzhou, Yang, Ling, Zheng, Qing, Chen, Dong, Li, Miao, Fan, Ting, Liu, Yongxian, Pan, Liping, Yin, Xuebin
Nutrients 2018 v.10 no.3
Eriocheir sinensis, alkaline phosphatase, antioxidant enzymes, corn, crabs, crude fat, enzyme activity, essential amino acids, glutathione peroxidase, hemolymph, lysozyme, molting, muscles, nutritive value, selenium, shelling, superoxide dismutase
The effects of selenium (Se)-biofortified corn on the total Se contents, the antioxidant enzyme levels, and the amino acids composition in Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) during the stage of the fifth shelling to maturity were investigated in the present study. The culture density of crabs was 600 per 667 m2, and they were continuously fed 120.4 mg Se from Se-biofortified corn per 667 m2 every two days for 90 days. The results showed that the total muscle Se levels in the crabs were significantly increased (p < 0.05). Activities of hemolymph supernatant enzymes including alkaline phosphatase (AKP), lysozyme (LZM), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were also enhanced (p < 0.05). The protein and crude fat levels at maturity were higher than those at the fourth molt. The levels of total essential amino acids (∑EAAs) and total delicious amino acids (∑DAAs) were significantly increased (p < 0.05). We demonstrate that the feeding of Se-biofortified corn could significantly improve total muscle Se concentrations and hemolymph supernatant antioxidant enzyme activities in Chinese mitten crab, and slow down the rapid decline of ∑EAAs and ∑DAAs at maturity, thus improving the nutritional quality of Chinese mitten crab.