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Chondroprotective Effects of a Standardized Extract (KBH-JP-040) from <em>Kalopanax pictus</em>, <em>Hericium erinaceus</em>, and <em>Astragalus membranaceus</em> in Experimentally Induced In Vitro and In Vivo Osteoarthritis Models

Rahman, Md. Mahbubur, Kim, Hyun-Kyu, Kim, Seong-Eun, Kim, Myung-Jin, Kim, Do-Hyung, Lee, Hak Sung
Nutrients 2018 v.10 no.3
Astragalus membranaceus, Hericium, IKappaB kinase, Kalopanax septemlobus, blood serum, body weight, chondrocytes, collagen, herbs, histopathology, inflammation, interleukin-1alpha, magnetic resonance imaging, metalloproteinases, mitogen-activated protein kinase, models, osteoarthritis, rabbits, rats, therapeutics, transcription factor NF-kappa B
The aim of this study was to investigate the chondroprotective effect of a standardized extract (KBH-JP-040) of the Korean traditional herbs Kalopanax pictus Castor-Aralia, Hericium erinaceus (Bull.) Persoon, and Astragalus membranaceus Schischkin on in vivo and in vitro osteoarthritis (OA) models. Cultured rat chondrocytes were pre-treated with KBH-JP-040 (50, 100 and 200 μg/mL) for 1 h, then recombinant human IL-1α (rhIL-1α) for 24 h. For the in vivo model, rabbits (n = 60) were equally divided into experimental groups: normal control (NC), a collagenase-induced OA group, and OA groups treated with KBH-JP-040 (75, 100, and 150 mg/kg body weight) and celecoxib (Cx, 100 mg/kg) orally for 28 days. Treatment with KBH-JP-040 significantly attenuated inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), suppressed the expression of IκBα, NF-κB, and JNK/p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, and upregulated aggrecan and collagen type-II expression in rhIL-1α-stimulated chondrocytes. Furthermore, the serum and synovial levels of inflammatory cytokines of rabbits also decreased in the treatment groups when compared with the OA group. Improved magnetic resonance imaging and histopathological findings further confirmed the therapeutic efficacy of KBH-JP-040 against OA. In conclusion, these results indicate that KBH-JP-040 possesses chondroprotective effects, suppressing inflammation and MMPs, and downregulating IκBα, NF-κB, and JNK/p38 MAP kinase-signaling pathways. This might be a potential therapeutic candidate for OA treatment.