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Achacha (<em>Garcinia humilis</em>) Rind Improves Cardiovascular Function in Rats with Diet-Induced Metabolic Syndrome
- John, Oliver D., Wanyonyi, Stephen, Mouatt, Peter, Panchal, Sunil K., Brown, Lindsay
- Nutrients 2018 v.10 no.10
- Garcinia, animal models, body composition, byproducts, cardioprotective effect, citric acid, collagen, corn starch, fatty liver, fruits, glucose tolerance, high fat diet, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, laboratory animals, males, metabolic syndrome, obesity, phytochemicals, procyanidins, pulp, rats, systolic blood pressure, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
- Garcinia humilis is a fruit known as achachairú. It is native to South American countries such as Bolivia, Peru, and Brazil, but it is also cultivated as achacha in northern Australia. The aim of this study was to determine the phytochemicals in achacha rind and pulp and to investigate these components as potential treatments for the symptoms of metabolic syndrome. Both rind and pulp contain procyanidins and citric acid rather than hydroxycitric acid. Male Wistar rats (8–9 weeks old) were fed with either high-carbohydrate, high-fat, or corn starch diets for 16 weeks. Intervention groups were fed with either diet supplemented with 1.5% G. humilis rind powder or 2.0% G. humilis pulp for the last 8 weeks of the protocol. Rats fed a high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet exhibited hypertension, dyslipidemia, central obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. G. humilis rind decreased systolic blood pressure, diastolic stiffness, left ventricular inflammatory cell infiltration, and collagen deposition in high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-fed rats. However, there was no change in glucose tolerance, body weight, or body composition. Therefore, G. humilis rind, usually a food by-product, but not the edible pulp, showed potential cardioprotection with minimal metabolic changes in a rat model of diet-induced metabolic syndrome.