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Congruent Validity of Resting Energy Expenditure Predictive Equations in Young Adults

Amaro-Gahete, Francisco J., Sanchez-Delgado, Guillermo, Alcantara, Juan M.A., Martinez-Tellez, Borja, Muñoz-Hernandez, Victoria, Merchan-Ramirez, Elisa, Löf, Marie, Labayen, Idoia, Ruiz, Jonatan R.
Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.2
Food and Agriculture Organization, World Health Organization, body composition, calorimetry, equations, exercise, men, obesity, resting energy expenditure, women, young adults
Having valid and reliable resting energy expenditure (REE) estimations is crucial to establish reachable goals for dietary and exercise interventions. However, most of the REE predictive equations were developed some time ago and, as the body composition of the current population has changed, it is highly relevant to assess the validity of REE predictive equations in contemporary young adults. In addition, little is known about the role of sex and weight status on the validity of these predictive equations. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the role of sex and weight status in congruent validity of REE predictive equations in young adults. A total of 132 young healthy adults (67.4% women, 18–26 years old) participated in the study. We measured REE by indirect calorimetry strictly following the standard procedures, and we compared it to 45 predictive equations. The most accurate equations were the following: (i) the Schofield and the “Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization/United Nations” (FAO/WHO/UNU) equations in normal weight men; (ii) the Mifflin and FAO/WHO/UNU equations in normal weight women; (iii) the Livingston and Korth equations in overweight men; (iv) the Johnstone and Frankenfield equations in overweight women; (v) the Owen and Bernstein equations in obese men; and (vi) the Owen equation in obese women. In conclusion, the results of this study show that the best equation to estimate REE depends on sex and weight status in young healthy adults.