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In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity and Probiotic Potential of <i>Bifidobacterium</i> and <i>Lactobacillus</i> against Species of <i>Clostridium</i>

Monteiro, Cinara R. A. V., do Carmo, Monique S., Melo, Bruna O., Alves, Matheus S., dos Santos, Camilla I., Monteiro, Sílvio G., Bomfim, Maria Rosa Q., Fernandes, Elizabeth S., Monteiro-Neto, Valério
Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.2
Bifidobacterium, Clostridium butyricum, Clostridium difficile, Clostridium perfringens, Lactobacillus plantarum, agar, animal models, antibiotic resistance, antibiotics, antimicrobial properties, bile acids, bile salts, intestinal microorganisms, mucins, pH, pathogens, probiotics, therapeutics
Many Clostridium species are found as commensal members of the intestinal microbiota. However, imbalances of the microbiota may lead to certain infections caused by these microorganisms, mainly Clostridium butyricum, Clostridium difficile, and Clostridium perfringens. In many cases, infection recurrence can occur after antibiotics, indicating the need for novel therapeutic options that act on the pathogens and also restore the microbiota. Herein, the in vitro antimicrobial activity and probiotic potential of clinical and reference strains of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus were investigated against Clostridium species. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the agar spot test and inhibition of gas production. Then, the probiotic potential of selected strains was assessed by analyzing their coaggregation ability, adhesive properties to host cells and mucin, tolerance to acidic pH and bile salts, and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles. Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 8014 was the most promising strain based on its inhibitory activity against Clostridium spp. Also, this strain met criteria to be considered a probiotic based on its coaggregation ability, adhesive properties, and tolerance to harsh pH and bile acid salt conditions. The results indicate that among the studied strains, L. plantarum ATCC 8014 presents probiotic potential for controlling infections induced by the studied Clostridium species and should be further evaluated in in vivo animal models.