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Methionine Restriction Partly Recapitulates the Sympathetically Mediated Enhanced Energy Expenditure Induced by Total Amino Acid Restriction in Rats

Spring, Shelby, Singh, Arashdeep, Zapata, Rizaldy C., Chelikani, Prasanth K., Pezeshki, Adel
Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.3
body weight, diet, energy expenditure, food conversion, methionine, overeating, propranolol, rats
Total amino acid (AA) restriction promotes hyperphagia and energy expenditure. We determined whether (i) methionine restriction mimics the effects of total AA restriction, (ii) methionine supplementation attenuates these responses, and iii) sympathetic signaling mediates such effects. Rats were injected with either vehicle (V) or 6-hydroxydopamine (S) to induce chemical sympathectomy, and then randomized to four diets: 16% AA (16AA), 5% AA (5AA), 16% AA-methionine (16AA-Met), and 5% AA+methionine (5AA+Met). Propranolol or ondansetron were injected to examine the role of sympathetic and serotonergic signaling, respectively. 5AA, 5AA+Met, and 16AA-Met increased the food conversion rate for 1–3 weeks in the V and S groups, and increased mean energy expenditure in V group,; the magnitude of these changes was attenuated in the S group. Propranolol decreased the energy expenditure of V16AA, V5AA, and V5AA+Met and of S5AA, S5AA+Met, and S16AA-Met, whereas ondansetron decreased the energy expenditure in only the S groups. Compared to 16AA, the other V groups had reduced body weights from days 7–11 onwards and decreased lean masses throughout the study and the other S groups had decreased body weights and lean masses from day 14 onwards. Total AA restriction enhanced the energy expenditure and reduced the weight and lean mass; these effects were partly recapitulated by methionine restriction and were sympathetically mediated.