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Anti-TNF-α Agent Tamarind Kunitz Trypsin Inhibitor Improves Lipid Profile of <i>Wistar</i> Rats Presenting Dyslipidemia and Diet-induced Obesity Regardless of <i>PPAR-γ</i> Induction

Carvalho, Fabiana M. C., Lima, Vanessa C. O., Costa, Izael S., Luz, Anna B. S., Ladd, Fernando V. L., Serquiz, Alexandre C., Bortolin, Raul H., Silbiger, Vivian N., Maciel, Bruna L. L., Santos, Elizeu A., Morais, Ana H. A.
Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.3
Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor, adipose tissue, blood, eutrophication, food intake, gene expression, glycemic index, hyperlipidemia, inflammation, laboratory animals, lipid composition, obesity, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, rats, tamarinds, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, weight gain
The increasing prevalence of obesity and, consequently, chronic inflammation and its complications has increased the search for new treatment methods. The effect of the purified tamarind seed trypsin inhibitor (TTIp) on metabolic alterations in Wistar rats with obesity and dyslipidemia was evaluated. Three groups of animals with obesity and dyslipidemia were formed, consuming a high glycemic index and glycemic load (HGLI) diet, for 10 days: Obese/HGLI diet; Obese/standard diet; Obese/HGLI diet + TTIp (730 &mu;g/kg); and one eutrophic group of animals was fed a standard diet. Rats were evaluated daily for food intake and weight gain. On the 11th day, animals were anesthetized and sacrificed for blood and visceral adipose tissue collection. TTIp treated animals presented significantly lower food intake than the untreated group (p = 0.0065), TG (76.20 &plusmn; 18.73 mg/dL) and VLDL-C (15.24 &plusmn; 3.75 mg/dL). Plasma concentrations and TNF-&alpha; mRNA expression in visceral adipose tissue also decreased in obese animals treated with TTIp (p < 0.05 and p = 0.025, respectively) with a negative immunostaining. We conclude that TTIp presented anti-TNF-&alpha; activity and an improved lipid profile of Wistar rats with dyslipidemia and obesity induced by a high glycemic index and load diet regardless of PPAR-&gamma; induction.