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A Scoring System for Identifying Patients Likely to Be Diagnosed with Low-Grade Coeliac Enteropathy

Fernández-Bañares, Fernando, Carrasco, Anna, Rosinach, Mercè, Arau, Beatriz, García-Puig, Roger, González, Clarisa, Tristán, Eva, Zabana, Yamile, Esteve, Maria
Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.5
T-lymphocytes, atrophy, biopsy, celiac disease, enteritis, gluten-free diet, patients, regression analysis, remission, serology
Background & Aims: Determining whether patients with lymphocytic enteritis (LE) have coeliac disease is a challenge. We analysed the variables associated with a low-grade coeliac enteropathy diagnosis in patients with suspected coeliac disease but without villous atrophy, and developed a scoring system to identify them. Methods: We collected data from 2010 through to 2016 on patients with lymphocytic enteritis and persistent symptoms compatible with the clinical spectrum of coeliac disease. One hundred and four patients starting on a gluten-free diet (GFD) were included. Duodenal biopsies were collected before the GFD and analysed for numbers of CD3+ T-cell receptor gamma delta+ (TCRγδ+), and CD3− intraepithelial lymphocytes. We performed a logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with a low-grade coeliac enteropathy diagnosis. Results: Sixty-two patients achieved clinical remission after the GFD. Fifty of these 62 patients were diagnosed with low-grade coeliac enteropathy. Multivariate analysis identified the presence of >25% intraepithelial lymphocytosis, HLA-DQ2.5, positive serology, and increased numbers of TCRγδ+ cells with a low-grade coeliac enteropathy diagnosis. We developed a scoring system that identified patients with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.91. Scores of >10 had 86% sensitivity and 85% specificity. Conclusion: We developed a scoring system that identifies patients likely to be diagnosed with low-grade coeliac enteropathy with an AUC value of 0.91.