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Resveratrol Regulates BDNF, trkB, PSA-NCAM, and Arc Expression in the Rat Cerebral Cortex after Bilateral Common Carotid Artery Occlusion and Reperfusion

Serra, Maria Pina, Boi, Marianna, Poddighe, Laura, Melis, Tiziana, Lai, Ylenia, Carta, Gianfranca, Quartu, Marina
Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.5
carotid arteries, cell adhesion molecules, cortex, dietary supplements, enzymes, frontal lobe, homeostasis, immunochemistry, laboratory animals, males, neuroplasticity, polyphenols, rats, resveratrol, sunflower oil, surgery, tyrosine
The polyphenol resveratrol (RVT) may drive protective mechanisms of cerebral homeostasis during the hypoperfusion/reperfusion triggered by the transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion followed by reperfusion (BCCAO/R). This immunochemical study investigates if a single dose of RVT modulates the plasticity-related markers brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), the tyrosine kinase trkB receptor, Polysialylated-Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule (PSA-NCAM), and Activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated (Arc) protein in the brain cortex after BCCAO/R. Frontal and temporal-occipital cortical regions were examined in male Wistar rats randomly subdivided in two groups, sham-operated and submitted to BCCAO/R. Six hours prior to surgery, half the rats were gavage fed a dose of RVT (180 mg·kg−1 in 300 µL of sunflower oil as the vehicle), while the second half was given the vehicle alone. In the frontal cortex of BCCAO/R vehicle-treated rats, BDNF and PSA-NCAM decreased, while trkB increased. RVT pre-treatment elicited an increment of all examined markers in both sham- and BCCAO/R rats. No variations occurred in the temporal-occipital cortex. The results highlight a role for RVT in modulating neuronal plasticity through the BDNF-trkB system and upregulation of PSA-NCAM and Arc, which may provide both trophic and structural local support in the dynamic changes occurring during the BCCAO/R, and further suggest that dietary supplements such as RVT are effective in preserving the tissue potential to engage plasticity-related events and control the functional response to the hypoperfusion/reperfusion challenge.