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Resveratrol Regulates BDNF, trkB, PSA-NCAM, and Arc Expression in the Rat Cerebral Cortex after Bilateral Common Carotid Artery Occlusion and Reperfusion

Author:
Serra, Maria Pina, Boi, Marianna, Poddighe, Laura, Melis, Tiziana, Lai, Ylenia, Carta, Gianfranca, Quartu, Marina
Source:
Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.5
ISSN:
2072-6643
Subject:
carotid arteries, cell adhesion molecules, cortex, dietary supplements, enzymes, frontal lobe, homeostasis, immunochemistry, laboratory animals, males, neuroplasticity, polyphenols, rats, resveratrol, sunflower oil, surgery, tyrosine
Abstract:
The polyphenol resveratrol (RVT) may drive protective mechanisms of cerebral homeostasis during the hypoperfusion/reperfusion triggered by the transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion followed by reperfusion (BCCAO/R). This immunochemical study investigates if a single dose of RVT modulates the plasticity-related markers brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), the tyrosine kinase trkB receptor, Polysialylated-Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule (PSA-NCAM), and Activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated (Arc) protein in the brain cortex after BCCAO/R. Frontal and temporal-occipital cortical regions were examined in male Wistar rats randomly subdivided in two groups, sham-operated and submitted to BCCAO/R. Six hours prior to surgery, half the rats were gavage fed a dose of RVT (180 mg·kg−1 in 300 µL of sunflower oil as the vehicle), while the second half was given the vehicle alone. In the frontal cortex of BCCAO/R vehicle-treated rats, BDNF and PSA-NCAM decreased, while trkB increased. RVT pre-treatment elicited an increment of all examined markers in both sham- and BCCAO/R rats. No variations occurred in the temporal-occipital cortex. The results highlight a role for RVT in modulating neuronal plasticity through the BDNF-trkB system and upregulation of PSA-NCAM and Arc, which may provide both trophic and structural local support in the dynamic changes occurring during the BCCAO/R, and further suggest that dietary supplements such as RVT are effective in preserving the tissue potential to engage plasticity-related events and control the functional response to the hypoperfusion/reperfusion challenge.
Agid:
6507941