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Sarcopenia is Associated with Malnutrition but Not with Systemic Inflammation in Older Persons with Advanced CKD

Vettoretti, Simone, Caldiroli, Lara, Armelloni, Silvia, Ferrari, Camilla, Cesari, Matteo, Messa, Piergiorgio
Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.6
bioelectrical impedance, body mass index, creatinine, elderly, energy, fetuins, inflammation, interleukin-10, interleukin-12, interleukin-6, kidney diseases, malnutrition, nutritional status, patients, risk factors, sarcopenia, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, wasting syndrome
Background: In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), sarcopenia can be determined by a wide spectrum of risk factors. We evaluated the association of sarcopenia with nutritional, behavioral and inflammatory patterns in older patients with advanced CKD. Methods: we cross-sectionally evaluated 113 patients with CKD stages 3b-5. Sarcopenia was defined according to the EWGSOP2 criteria. We assessed: anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis, physical, and psychological performance. Nutritional status was assessed using the Malnutrition Inflammation Score (MIS) and by verifying the eventual presence Protein Energy Wasting syndrome (PEW). Systemic inflammation was assessed by dosing: CRP, IL6, TNF&alpha;, MCP1, IL10, IL17, fetuin, IL12. Results: 24% of patients were sarcopenic. Sarcopenic individuals had lower creatinine clearance (18 &plusmn; 11 vs. 23 &plusmn; 19 mL/min; p = 0.0087) as well as lower BMI (24.8 &plusmn; 3.0 vs. 28.4 &plusmn; 5.5 Kg/m2; p < 0.0001) and a lower FTI (11.6 &plusmn; 3.9 vs. 14.4 &plusmn; 5.1 kg/m2, p = 0.023). Sarcopenic persons had higher prevalence of PEW (52 vs. 20%, p < 0.0001) and a tendency to have higher MIS (6.6 &plusmn; 6.5 vs. 4.5 &plusmn; 4.0, p = 0.09); however, they did not show any difference in systemic inflammation compared to non-sarcopenic individuals. Conclusions: CKD sarcopenic patients were more malnourished than non-sarcopenic ones, but the two groups did not show any difference in systemic inflammation.