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Population Approaches Targeting Metabolic Syndrome Focusing on Japanese Trials
- Nishizawa, Hitoshi, Shimomura, Iichiro
- Nutrients 2019 v.11 no.6
- adults, counseling, guidelines, health status, issues and policy, lifestyle, metabolic syndrome, motivation, obesity, public health, risk factors, screening, visceral fat, Germany, Japan, United States
- The clinical importance of assessment of metabolic syndrome lies in the selection of individuals with multiple risk factors based on visceral fat accumulation, and helping them to reduce visceral fat. Behavioral modification by population approach is important, which adds support to the personal approach. The complexity of visceral fat accumulation requires multicomponent and multilevel intervention. Preparation of food and physical environments could be useful strategies for city planners. Furthermore, actions on various frameworks, including organizational, community, and policy levels, have been recently reported. There are universal public health screening programs and post-screening health educational systems in Japan, and diseases management programs in Germany. Understanding one’s own health status is important for motivation for lifestyle modification. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care practitioners screen all adults for obesity and offer behavioral interventions and intensive counseling. Established evidence-based guidelines for behavioral counseling are needed within the primary care setting.