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Photocleavable Peptide–Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) Hybrid Graft Copolymer via Postpolymerization Modification by Click Chemistry To Modulate the Cell Affinities of 2D and 3D Materials

Nishimura, Shin-nosuke, Hokazono, Naoki, Taki, Yukiko, Motoda, Hideki, Morita, Yusuke, Yamamoto, Koji, Higashi, Nobuyuki, Koga, Tomoyuki
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.27 pp. 24577-24587
biocompatible materials, catalytic activity, cell adhesion, composite polymers, copolymerization, fibroblasts, hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, medicine, moieties, oligopeptides, polyhydroxyethyl methacrylates, polylactic acid, propionic acid, tissue engineering, ultraviolet radiation
Controlling the surface properties of engineered materials to enhance or reduce their cellular affinities remains a significant challenge in the field of biomaterials. We describe a universal technique for modulating the cytocompatibilities of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) materials using a novel photocleavable peptide-grafted poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) hybrid. The reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer copolymerization of HEMA and propargyl acrylate was successfully controlled. The resultant alkyne-containing PHEMA was then used to modify the azide-terminated oligopeptides [Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS)] with a photolabile 3-amino-3-(2-nitrophenyl)propanoic acid moiety via the copper-catalyzed alkyne–azide click chemistry. This strategy was readily used to decorate the surfaces of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic materials with RGDS peptides due to the high film-forming abilities of the PHEMA unit. The resultant thin film acted as an effective scaffold for improving cell adhesion and growth of NIH/3T3 fibroblasts and MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells in vitro. In addition, UV irradiation of the surface led to the detachment of cells from the material surface accompanied by the photocleavage of RGDS grafts and enabled the 2D-patterning of cells and cell sheet engineering. The applicability of this system to 3D materials was investigated, and the cell adhesion was remarkably enhanced on a 3D-printed poly(lactic acid) object. This facile, biocompatible, and photoprocessable peptide–vinyl polymer hybrid system is valuable for its ability to advance the fields of tissue engineering, cell chips, and regenerative medicine.