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A fluorescence polarization aptasensor coupled with polymerase chain reaction and streptavidin for chloramphenicol detection

Ma, Pengfei, Ye, Hua, Deng, Jieying, Khan, Imran Mahmood, Yue, Lin, Wang, Zhouping
Talanta 2019 v.205 pp. 120119
aptasensors, chloramphenicol, fluorescence, honey, molecular weight, oligonucleotides, polymerase chain reaction, streptavidin
The authors describe a fluorescence polarization (FP) aptasensor based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and streptavidin as dual FP amplifiers to detect chloramphenicol residues in food. Briefly, label-free aptamer was incubated with chloramphenicol and the aptamer-chloramphenicol conjugate was used as a template. Subsequently, the FAM-labeled forward primer and biotin-labeled reverse primer were added for PCR to amplify the template and the FAM-labeled primer. The molecular weight of FAM-labeled primer increased rapidly and the corresponding FP also enhanced. Finally, with the introduction of streptavidin, the PCR products and streptavidin were combined with the biotin-streptavidin interactions, resulting in much larger molecular weight. Thus, a dual amplified FP signal was obtained. Under optimal conditions, we were able to achieve a wide linear detection range of 0.001–200 nM. In addition, the designed strategy was applied to detect chloramphenicol in honey samples with high accuracy. Moreover, the strategy can be easily extended to detect other small molecules by changing the corresponding aptamers, which provide a promising avenue for the detection of small molecules by FP.