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Chemically synthesized silver nanoparticles induced physio-chemical and chloroplast ultrastructural changes in broad bean seedlings

Abdel-Aziz, Heba M.M., Rizwan, Muhammad
Chemosphere 2019 v.235 pp. 1066-1072
Vicia faba, antioxidant enzymes, chloroplasts, enzyme activity, faba beans, germination, mesophyll, nanosilver, phenols, photosynthesis, pigments, roots, seedling growth, seedlings, seeds, shoots, starch, sugars, trays, ultrastructure
This study was conducted to explore the effects of priming of seven-year-old aged seeds with different concentrations of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on growth of broad bean (Vicia faba L.). Seeds were primed with different concentrations of AgNPs for 6 h before growing in the plastic trays. Different growth parameters like growth attributes, photosynthetic pigments, carbohydrates, antioxidant enzymes and chloroplast ultrastructure were estimated after 14 days of germination. Priming with AgNPs affected the root and shoot growth attributes as compared with control depending upon concentrations of AgNPs. In all treatments, photosynthetic pigments increased significantly above control levels, but total soluble sugars decreased in 10 and 50 ppm AgNPs and slightly increased in 100 ppm AgNPs as compared with control. Starch accumulation was apparent in all treated seedlings above that of control levels. Mesophyll cells of all treated seedlings were altered with electron dense particles than control. Priming with AgNPs affected the chloroplast structure which appeared in the form of less stacking of Greene, formation of protrusions and extensions, irregular shape of chloroplasts as compared with spindle shaped regular chloroplasts of control. In all treatments, total phenols were slightly affected as compared with control. The antioxidant enzyme activities in seedlings varied with the dose and type of antioxidants. Overall, AgNPs adversely affected the chloroplast ultrastructure, but increased growth of seedlings and starch accumulation. Further studies are required to explore the effects of AgNPs on the long-term on crop productivity of aged seeds.