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Investigation on the effects of sediment resuspension on the binding of colloidal organic matter to copper using fluorescence techniques

Bao, Tianli, Wang, Peifang, Hu, Bin, Shi, Yue
Chemosphere 2019 v.236 pp. 124312
binding capacity, binding sites, colloids, copper, dissolved organic matter, ecosystems, factor analysis, fluorescence, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, fractionation, heavy metals, lakes, molecular weight, sediments, ultrafiltration
Colloidal organic matter (COM), an important component of dissolved organic matter (DOM), plays a significant role in the transport and cycling process of the heavy metals. In this study, COM was fractionated from DOM using 0.2 μm, 100 kDa, and 2 kDa ultrafiltration membranes and the fluorescence spectra of the COM fractions were obtained. Excitation and emission matrix–parallel factor analysis and two-dimensional fluorescence correlation spectroscopy were applied to investigate the effect of sediment resuspension on the heavy metal binding characteristics of COM fractions with different molecular weights. Compared with the DOM fractions, COM exhibited stronger binding affinities and more binding sites for Cu(II), which was attributed to the significant binding effects of the components of COM. Our results suggested that the protein-like components were mainly responsible for binding heavy metals in the high-molecular-weight fraction (>100 kDa), whereas the humic-like components were responsible in the low-molecular-weight fraction (<100 kDa). Furthermore, sediment resuspension significantly influenced the composition and heavy metal binding characteristics of COM. Following resuspension, the binding affinity of COM decreased significantly, which might be attributed to the binding competition from inorganic colloids. Thus, COM plays an important role in the binding and transportation behavior of heavy metals, which is an important consideration in shallow lake ecosystems.