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Off-label use of ceftaroline fosamil: A systematic review

Pani, Arianna, Colombo, Fabrizio, Agnelli, Francesca, Frantellizzi, Viviana, Baratta, Francesco, Pastori, Daniele, Scaglione, Francesco
International journal of antimicrobial agents 2019 v.54 no.5 pp. 562-571
adults, bacteremia, bacterial pneumonia, cephalosporins, children, databases, diarrhea, endocarditis, guidelines, hospitals, meningitis, nausea, patients, systematic review, vancomycin, vomiting
Ceftaroline fosamil is a fifth-generation cephalosporin with anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) activity. It has been approved by the EMA and FDA for the treatment of adults and children with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) and acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI). However, ceftaroline fosamil has a broad spectrum of activity, and a good safety and tolerability profile, so is frequently used off-label.The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the safety and efficacy of off-label use of ceftaroline.The review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL databases (2010-2018) were searched using as the main term ceftaroline fosamil and its synonyms in combination with names of infectious diseases of interest.A total of 21 studies with 1901 patients were included: the most common off-label indications for ceftaroline use were bacteremia (n=595), endocarditis (n=171), osteoarticular infections (n=368), hospital-acquired pneumonia (n=115) and meningitis (n=23). The most common reasons for off-label use were persistent or recurrent infection after standard treatment or non-susceptibility to vancomycin and daptomycin.Clinical success was evaluated in 933 patients, and 724 (77%) of these reached this positive outcome. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) was reported in 11 studies. In 83 (9%) cases there were AEs related to the use of ceftaroline; the most common reported AEs were nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rash and neutropenia.The review results show that ceftaroline may be used in clinical settings other than those currently approved; however, the use of ceftaroline in these contexts deserves further investigation.