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Population genetics of Glossina palpalis palpalis in sleeping sickness foci of Côte d’Ivoire before and after vector control
- Berté, Djakaridja, De Meeûs, Thierry, Kaba, Dramane, Séré, Modou, Djohan, Vincent, Courtin, Fabrice, N'Djetchi Kassi, Martial, Koffi, Mathurin, Jamonneau, Vincent, Ta, Bi Tra Dieudonné, Solano, Philippe, N'Goran, Eliezer Kouakou, Ravel, Sophie
- Infection, genetics, and evolution 2019 v.75 pp. 103963
- Glossina palpalis palpalis, avoidance behavior, effective population size, genetic variance, genetic variation, loci, microsatellite repeats, population genetics, population structure, trypanosomiasis, variance, vector control, Cote d'Ivoire
- Glossina palpalis palpalis remains the major vector of sleeping sickness in Côte d'Ivoire. The disease is still active at low endemic levels in Bonon and Sinfra foci in the western-central part of the country. In this study, we investigated the impact of a control campaign on G. p. palpalis population structure in Bonon and Sinfra foci in order to adapt control strategies. Genetic variation at microsatellite loci was used to examine the population structure of different G. p. palpalis cohorts before and after control campaigns. Isolation by distance was observed in our sampling sites. Before control, effective population size was high (239 individuals) with dispersal at rather short distance (731 m per generation). We found some evidence that some of the flies captured after treatment come from surrounding sites, which increased the genetic variance. One Locus, GPCAG, displayed a 1000% increase of subdivision measure after control while other loci only exhibited a substantial increase in variance of subdivision. Our data suggested a possible trap avoidance behaviour in G. p. palpalis. It is important to take into account and better understand the possible reinvasion from neighboring sites and trap avoidance for the sake of sustainability of control campaigns effects.