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Monomeric and homotrimeric solution structures of truncated human peroxidasin 1 variants

Paumann-Page, Martina, Tscheliessnig, Rupert, Sevcnikar, Benjamin, Katz, Romy-Sophie, Schwartz, Irene, Hofbauer, Stefan, Pfanzagl, Vera, Furtmüller, Paul G., Obinger, Christian
Biochimica et biophysica acta 2020 v.1868 no.1 pp. 140249
basement membrane, blood coagulation factors, chemical bonding, collagen, crosslinking, cysteine, heme, humans, iron, leucine, models, oligomerization, peroxidase, proteolysis, small-angle X-ray scattering, structure-activity relationships, transmission electron microscopy
Human peroxidasin 1 is a multidomain peroxidase situated in the basement membrane. The iron enzyme with covalently bound heme oxidizes bromide to hypobromous acid which facilitates the formation of distinct sulfilimine cross-links in the collagen IV network and therefore contributes to its mechanical stability. Additional to the catalytically active peroxidase domain peroxidasin comprises a leucine rich repeat domain, four Ig domains and a C-terminal von Willebrand factor type C module (VWC). Peroxidasin has been shown to form homotrimers involving two redox-sensitive cysteine residues and to undergo posttranslational C-terminal proteolytic cleavage. The present study on several recombinantly produced truncated peroxidasin variants showed that the VWC is not required for trimer formation whereas the alpha-helical linker region located between the peroxidase domain and the VWC is crucial for trimerization. Our data furthermore implies that peroxidasin oligomerization occurs intracellularly before C-terminal cleavage. For the first time we present overall solution structures of monomeric and trimeric truncated peroxidasin variants which were determined by rotary shadowing combined with transmission electron microscopy and by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). A triangular arrangement of the peroxidase domains to each other within the homotrimer was revealed and this structure was confirmed by a model of trimeric peroxidase domains. Our SAXS data showed that the Ig domains are highly flexible and interact with the peroxidase domain and that within the homotrimer each alpha-helical linker region interacts with the respective adjacent peroxidase domain. The implications of our findings on the structure-function relationship of peroxidasin are discussed.