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Food insecurity patterns before and after initial receipt of Supplemental Security Income

Author:
Sonik, Rajan A, Parish, Susan L, Mitra, Monika
Source:
Public health nutrition 2019 v.22 no.10 pp. 1909-1913
ISSN:
1475-2727
Subject:
data analysis, food security, income, surveys, United States
Abstract:
To assess patterns of food insecurity before and after initial receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits. We analysed data from a nationally representative sample. We estimated two difference-in-difference models comparing food insecurity patterns among eventual SSI recipients with patterns among eligible non-recipients during two time frames. The first model assessed changes in food insecurity immediately before SSI benefits were first received and the second model assessed changes in food insecurity after programme entry. 2008 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Non-institutionalized population of the USA. The percentage of eventual SSI recipients experiencing food insecurity rose from 18 to 30 % in the year before programme entry, compared with a change from 17 to 18 % for eligible non-recipients. Adjusting for sociodemographic covariates, the difference-in-difference estimator for this comparison was statistically significant (P=0·01). Additionally, the percentage of recipients experiencing food insecurity fell from 28 % in the year before programme entry to 16 % in the year after entry, compared with a change from 16 to 17 % for eligible non-recipients. Adjusting for sociodemographic covariates, the difference-in-difference estimator for this comparison was marginally significant (P=0·07). Food insecurity rises prior to SSI entry but may be alleviated by programme benefits. Greater nutritional supports for SSI applicants awaiting decisions may reduce the burden of food insecurity in this population and improve health outcomes.
Agid:
6515533