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Identifying the tick Amblyomma javanense (Acari: Ixodidae) from Chinese pangolin: generating species barcode, phylogenetic status and its implication in wildlife forensics
- Jabin, Gul, Dewan, Yashwini, Khatri, Hiren, Singh, Sujeet K., Chandra, Kailash, Thakur, Mukesh
- Experimental & applied acarology 2019 v.78 no.3 pp. 461-467
- Amblyomma, DNA barcoding, Manis, endangered species, forensic sciences, genetic analysis, phylogeny, ticks, wildlife, zoonoses, India
- Zoonotic diseases transmitted through ticks and other ectoparasites often travel across the globe with illegally traded wildlife parts and products. In this study, we analyzed a confiscated case of pangolin scales and observed a few dead ticks attached. On genetic analysis, the pangolin scales were identified to be originated from Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla), an IUCN listed Critically Endangered species, and ticks were identified as Amblyomma javanense. Here, we provide the first authentic physical record of A. javanense from India as a parasite of Chinese pangolin and also generated its species DNA barcode that may be useful for biologists working on ticks in species validation and constructing phylogenies across the globe.