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Long Term Trends and Dynamics of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) in a Subtropical Reservoir Basin
- Chow, Ming Fai, Lai, Chao-Chen, Kuo, Hsiang-Yi, Lin, Chih-Hsien, Chen, Tzong-Yueh, Shiah, Fuh-Kwo
- Water 2017 v.9 no.7
- acid deposition, acidification, anions, basins, calcium, cations, chemical bases, dissolved organic carbon, hydrochemistry, hydrologic factors, magnesium, nitrates, pH, rain, runoff, seasonal variation, streams, sulfates, sulfur, temperature, Taiwan
- This study evaluates the long term trends and seasonal patterns of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration in the Fei-Tsui Reservoir basin in Northern Taiwan during the period of 2000 to 2015. The non-parametric seasonal Mann-Kendall test was conducted to identify the trends of DOC and its potential drivers (e.g., temperature, runoff, atmospheric acid deposition and stream water chemistry). The monthly tributaries and water surface DOC concentrations in Fei-Tsui Reservoir had showed strong temporal and seasonal variability. The sulfate (SO<inf>4</inf>) concentration had exhibited statistically significant decreasing trend over a period of 16 years. The decreasing trends of anions (SO<inf>4</inf> and NO<inf>3</inf>) and base cations (Ca and Mg) as well as increasing trends of pH and acidification index (ACI) in Fei-Tsui Reservoir and streams indicated recovery from acidification. However, there was no significant annual trend in DOC concentration of Fei-Tsui Reservoir and streams. Significant positive correlation was obtained between DOC and trophic state index of Fei-Tsui Reservoir. The results suggested that DOC concentration at the water surface of Fei-Tsui Reservoir was mainly driven by the re-oligotrophication and temperature effects rather than a decrease in atmospheric sulfur deposition. Stream DOC concentration was largely determined by the temporal variability in temperature and rainfall. We concluded that climatic and hydrological factors are the dominant drivers for stream DOC dynamics in the study.