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Quantitative trait loci of barley malting quality trait components in the Stellar/01Ab8219 mapping population

Islamovic, Emir, Obert, Donald E., Budde, Allen D., Schmitt, Mark, Brunick, Robert, II, Kilian, Andrzej, Chao, Shiaoman, Lazo, Gerard R., Marshall, Juliet M., Jellen, Eric N., Maughan, Peter J., Hu, Gongshe, Klos, Kathy E., Brown, Ryan H., Jackson, Eric W.
Molecular breeding 2014 v.34 no.1 pp. 59-73
alpha-amylase, amino nitrogen, barley, beta-glucans, chromosomes, cultivars, economics, genetic markers, inbred lines, malt extract, malting, malting barley, malting quality, marker-assisted selection, phenotype, quantitative trait loci, single nucleotide polymorphism, Idaho
Malting barley is of high economic and scientific importance. Determining barley grains that are suitable for malting involves measuring malting quality, which is an expensive and complex process. In order to decrease the cost of phenotyping and accelerate the process of developing superior malting barley cultivars, markers for marker-assisted breeding are needed. In this study, we identified quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for malting traits in a Stellar/01Ab8219 F6:8 recombinant inbred line population grown at Aberdeen and Tetonia, Idaho, USA in 2009 and 2010. We identified QTLs associated with malt extract (ME), wort protein, soluble/total protein (S/T), diastatic power (DP), alpha-amylase, beta-glucan (BG) and free amino nitrogen (FAN) at a logarithm of odds score ≥2.5 using a high-density genetic map produced by merging Diversity Arrays Technology markers with the current single nucleotide polymorphism map. Novel QTLs were identified for DP and FAN on chromosome 5H, S/T on 6H, and BG and ME on 7H. Dissection of the genetic regions associated with malting traits suggests the involvement of multiple molecular pathways. The resulting molecular markers may prove useful for barley improvement.