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Lycopene and Tomato Sauce Improve Hepatic and Cardiac Cell Biomarkers in Rats

Jesuz, Vanessa Azevedo de, Campos, Monique de Barros Elias, Souza, Vanessa Rosse de, Bede, Teresa Palmiciano, Moraes, Bianca Portugal Tavares de, Silva, Adriana Ribeiro, de Albuquerque, Cassiano Felippe Gonçalves, de Azeredo, Vilma Blondet, Teodoro, Anderson Junger
Journal of medicinal food 2019
biomarkers, blood glucose, blood serum, cardiovascular diseases, enzymes, fatty liver, flow cytometry, heart, hepatocytes, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, high fat diet, interleukin-1beta, interphase, liver, lycopene, metabolism, mitosis, neoplasms, rats, tomato sauce, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
This study evaluated the effects of tomato sauce and lycopene on hepatic and cardiac cell biomarkers in rats fed a high-fat diet. Animals were split into five groups: control group, high-fat group (HG), high-fat tomato sauce group, high-fat lycopene 2 mg, and high-fat lycopene 4 mg. Food and water were offered ad libitum, whereas tomato sauce and lycopene (2 and 4 mg/day) were offered daily for 60 days. Body, heart, and liver weights, cardiosomatic and hepatosomatic indices, and serum parameters were also analyzed in rats. The animals' hearts and liver were processed, and cells were examined by flow cytometry. Results showed that the groups receiving tomato sauce and lycopene had lower glycemia. The serum concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hepatic enzymes, and tumor necrosis factor-α did not change upon treatment. Tomato sauce and lycopene supplementation did not increase interleukin-1β in response to a high-fat diet. Cell cycle analysis of cardiac and liver cells showed a lower percentage of cells in the G₀/G₁ phase and an increase in the G₂/M phase in HG. Both lycopene and tomato sauce reversed this effect. Both lycopene and tomato sauce reversed this effect and prevented high-fat diet-stimulated cardiac and liver cell death. Supplementation of tomato sauce and lycopene showed beneficial effects on cardiac and liver cell metabolism; therefore, it is suggested as a nutritional approach for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and nonalcoholic hepatic steatosis.